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Horse/Pony Equus ferus caballus Shoulder height 100-150cm In layman’s terms ‘Pony’ is used imprecisely to describe a small horse. However, several regional breeds do qualify more formally for the description. They are hardy and live semi-feral lives, usually in small social groups. Status Until 9,000 years ago Wild Horses still roamed Britain; the first Neolithic human settlers caused their extinction, replacing them with domesticated animals. Numerous horse breeds now exist; Ponies are the smallest and least developed of these.