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Common Crossbill - Loxia curvirostra. L 15-17cm. Extraordinary finch with crossed-tipped mandibles - used to extract seeds from conifer cones. Sexes are dissimilar. Adult male is mainly red but with brownish wings. Adult female is mainly greenish but with brownish wings. Immature birds are similar to adults of respective sexes but with duller colours. Juvenile is grey-brown and heavily streaked. Voice Utters a sharp kip-kip-kip flight call. Status Associated with mature conifer woodland (mainly Larch and spruces). Nomadic outside breeding season (in search of cone-bearing trees).