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Caucasian Elm Zelkova carpinifolia 31m. Has a dense, multi-stemmed crown composed of numerous almost upright branches. Bole, to 3m, is heavily ridged. BARK Greyish and flaking; falls away in rounded scales exposing orange patches. BRANCHES Youngest twigs are greenish with whitish down. LEAVES To 10cm long, oval and pointed with rounded teeth and 6–12 pairs of veins. Upper surface is dark green and slightly hairy, lower surface is slightly paler with hairs on either side of veins. Petiole is very short, to 2mm long. REPRODUCTIVE PARTS Male flowers, pro¬¬duced in April, are sessile clusters of yellow-green stamens arising from older, leafless part of twig. Female flowers are solitary and in axils of last few leaves on shoot. Fruits are spherical, to 5mm across and slightly 4-winged. STATUS AND DISTRIBUTION Native of the Caucasus, grown here for ornament.